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Whilst there is a wealth of data on ethnicity, a number of studies are regarded as 'key' – either through their subject/geographical coverage, their use of standard measures, their longevity, their usage among the research community or because they are used to create 'official' figures.
The majority of the data described are known as 'raw', 'primary' or 'source' data in the sense that they represent information that has been collected 'first-hand'; they are original data sources which may then be used for 'secondary' analysis by researchers not involved in the data collection process. The majority of these data are anonymised because they describe the attitudes, behaviour, circumstances and personal details of the individuals being studied. These types of data are heavily used by the academic and government research communities.
The UK Data Service provides access to the following primary data sources:
|2004 ongoing; United Kingdom||employment
2010 (qualitative); Birmingham, London, Oldham, Oxford, Swansea, Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, Greater Manchester, Oxfordshire, West Midlands; Cross-sectional (one-time) study
1890 - 1975 (qualitative); Cardiff, London; Cross-sectional (one-time) study;
|Most years since 1983; Great Britain||social attitudes
|1991, 2001, 2011: England, Wales, and Scotland; 2001, 2011: Northern Ireland
Data available at many geographical scales (e.g. county, district, ward, output area). Availability of topics and categories vary by census, country and geographical level
|ethnic group - also available cross tabulated with many other topics (e.g. ethnic group and age, ethnic group and country of birth etc).|
|2001, 2003, 2005, 2007/08, 2008/09, 2009/10, 2010/11; England and Wales||community cohesion
|1996-2006 (qualitative); Jaslo, Krakow, London, Pawlowice, Sokolka; Cross-sectional (one-time) study||migration
|2008-2009 (qualitative); England; Cross-sectional (one-time) study||social cohesion at the community level|
|1982- (biennial until 2001, then annual cross-sectional survey); Respondents aged 16-59 years; England and Wales||crime
|2009 (qualitative); United Kingdom; Cross-sectional (one-time) study||race and class
strategies and priorities
|2000; England; Cross-sectional (one-time) study||ethnic minorities
|2002-ongoing (repeated cross-section); Europe||ethnic, national and religious identity
|1993-1994 (repeated cross-section); England and Wales||education
|1991- continuing (repeated cross-section); Adults and children in England; ethnic boost 1999 and 2004||health
|1985-ongoing; c. 50 countries||national identity
|1975-1983 biennial; annually from 1984; quarterly from 1992; United Kingdom||employment
|2004-ongoing (longitudinal); United Kingdom||ethnic boost sample|
|2000-ongoing (longitudinal); United Kingdom||ethnic boost sample|
|2009-ongoing (longitudinal); United Kingdom||ethnic boost sample|
|1981-ongoing; 100+ countries||national identity|
Other key data publishers
Government and voluntary sector
The UK Data Service website will be undergoing an upgrade to our systems from Thursday 23 August until Wednesday 29 August inclusive. Some parts of the current website, account area and data catalogue will be unavailable. Normal services are expected to resume on 30 August 2018. We apologise for any inconvenience.